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On 15 September 2023, Alkarama sent an urgent appeal to the United Nations Committee on Enforced Disappearances regarding Syrian citizen arbitrarily detained in Iraq, Azmi Derri Mohamed Al Haddar, to prevent his deportation to Syria where there is a huge risk for him to be subjected to enforced disappearance, torture and even execution. 

An Iraqi citizen who disappeared following her abduction on 24 September 2019, Efane Hatem Dahham AL ABBASSI was finally located in Baghdad's women's prison. 

Victim of enforced disappearance since her abduction, the Iraqi authorities finally acknowledged Efane's detention and announced that she was sentenced to 15 years of prison for terrorism allegations. 

Iraq was recently called upon by the UN Committee on Enforced Disappearances to reveal the fate of Ibrahim Sobhi Moussa Alwan Al Jabouri, Ali Alwan Khalaf Al Janabi and Amer Abdul Majeed Al-Tikriti, who have been missing for many years now. 

Our concerns
  • Excessive use of force and arbitrary arrests of demonstrators;
  • Reprisals against human rights defenders, journalists, and other peaceful activists and opponents;
  • Violation of the right to freedom of expression, including censorship of traditional media and social networks;
  • Serious violations of fundamental rights and freedoms in the fight against terrorism, including death sentences imposed following unfair trials.


Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR Ratified ?
ICCPR Ratification Date
Individual Complaint procedure with the Human Rights committee (ICCPR Optional protocol 1) Ratified ?
Second Optional Protocol of ICCPR (abolition of death penalty) ratified ?
Date last Concluding Observations by Human Rights Committee
Next Human Rights Committee State Report due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT Ratified ?
UNCAT Ratification Date
OPCAT (National Preventive Mechanism) Ratified ?
National Preventive Mechanism (OPCAT) created ?
UNCAT Art 20 (confidential inquiries) ratified ?
UNCAT Art 22 (Individual Complaint procedure) Ratified ?
Date of last Concluding Observations by Committee against Torture (CAT)
Next CAT State Report Due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED Ratified ?
ICPPED Ratification Date
ICPPED Art 31 (Individual communications) ratified ?
ICPPED Art 33 (Inquiry procedure ) ratified ?
Date last Concluding Observations by Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED)
Next CED State Report Due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Human Rights Council
Date last Universal Period Review (UPR)
UPR Next Review
Membership of Human Rights Council:

Term expires in 2019

National Human Rights Institution
Accreditation with the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI)