- Ongoing crackdown on freedom of expression, peaceful assembly and association;
- Repression and systematic harassment of peaceful dissidents, political opponents and human right defenders;
- Persistent use of torture by the security forces, absence of independent investigations into allegations of torture and lack of accountability for perpetrators.
Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR Ratified ?
ICCPR Ratification Date
Individual Complaint procedure with the Human Rights committee (ICCPR Optional protocol 1) Ratified ?
Second Optional Protocol of ICCPR (abolition of death penalty) ratified ?
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT Ratified ?
UNCAT Ratification Date
OPCAT (National Preventive Mechanism) Ratified ?
National Preventive Mechanism (OPCAT) created ?
UNCAT Art 20 (confidential inquiries) ratified ?
Date of last Concluding Observations by Committee against Torture (CAT)
Next CAT State Report Due
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED Ratified ?
Human Rights Council
Date last Universal Period Review (UPR)
UPR Next Review
Membership of Human Rights Council:
2007 / 2011
National Human Rights Institution
Accreditation with the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI)