Alkarama launches its 2016 Annual Report.

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Selman Samaha Facing Unfair Trial Following Facebook Posts

Beirut May 26, 2017

Lebanese authorities are failing to abide by their obligations to protect individuals from unfair trials and to ensure their right to freedom of expression, nine human rights and media organizations said today, following yet another criminal investigation of a Lebanese citizen for posts made on Facebook.

On 12 May 2017, the United Nations Committee against Torture (CAT) published its Concluding Observations following the first review of Lebanon in April.

On 3 May 2017, Lebanon extradited Iraqi refugee Zeyad Al Dolaee to his home country which he had fled in 2010 fearing persecution. Arrested in Lebanon in January 2016, he was subsequently sentenced by the Military Court under the pretext of “joining a terrorist group” on the sole basis of information provided by the Iraqi intelligence services, and detained for a lengthy period of time pending the Lebanese authorities’ decision on an extradition request sent by Iraq.

Alkarama Person of contact for country
Ines Osman, Email : ines - at - alkarama -dot- org , Twitter : @Ines_Osman
Our concerns
  • Widespread practice of torture and unwillingness of the authorities to eradicate this practice;
  • Serious and recurrent violations committed by the security services and pervasive impunity, which creates a climate conducive to torture;
  • Unfair trials before special courts, namely the Judicial Council and the Military Court


Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR Ratified ?
ICCPR Ratification Date
Individual Complaint procedure with the Human Rights committee (ICCPR Optional protocol 1) Ratified ?
Second Optional Protocol of ICCPR (abolition of death penalty) ratified ?
Date last Concluding Observations by Human Rights Committee
Next Human Rights Committee State Report due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT Ratified ?
UNCAT Ratification Date
OPCAT (National Preventive Mechanism) Ratified ?
National Preventive Mechanism (OPCAT) created ?
UNCAT Art 20 (confidential inquiries) ratified ?
UNCAT Art 22 (Individual Complaint procedure) Ratified ?
Next CAT State Report Due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED Ratified ?
Human Rights Council
Date last Universal Period Review (UPR)
UPR Next Review