Alkarama launches its 2016 Annual Report.

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On 31 October 2016, United Nations member States reviewed the human rights situation in Syria in the context of the country’s second Universal Periodic Review (UPR), an interactive discussion between the State under review and other UN Member States which takes place every four years.

On 25 October 2011, Syrian political activist Mahmoud Al Merhi was arrested at an Air Force Intelligence checkpoint in Homs and remains disappeared since.

On 30 November 2016, Alkarama and Human Rights Guardians referred to the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic (CoI Syria) the case of Hani Hussein, a 37-year-old Syrian from Qamishli, who disappeared following his arre

Our concerns
  • Systematic and widespread practice of the crime of enforced disappearance;
  • Practice of torture and arbitrary detention of human rights defenders and political activists under the pretext of ‘the fight against terrorism’;
  • Devastating effects of the conflict, in particular on the civilian population;
  • Impunity of perpetrators of war crimes and crimes against humanity
Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR Ratified ?
ICCPR Ratification Date
Individual Complaint procedure with the Human Rights committee (ICCPR Optional protocol 1) Ratified ?
Second Optional Protocol of ICCPR (abolition of death penalty) ratified ?
Date last Concluding Observations by Human Rights Committee
Next Human Rights Committee State Report due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT Ratified ?
UNCAT Ratification Date
OPCAT (National Preventive Mechanism) Ratified ?
National Preventive Mechanism (OPCAT) created ?
UNCAT Art 20 (confidential inquiries) ratified ?
UNCAT Art 22 (Individual Complaint procedure) Ratified ?
Date of last Concluding Observations by Committee against Torture (CAT)
Next CAT State Report Due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED Ratified ?
Human Rights Council
Date last Universal Period Review (UPR)
UPR Next Review