Egypt

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Alia Awad, an Egyptian photographer and journalist, who has been detained in prison for nearly five years, and has been banned from visits for nearly a year, faces imminent risks during her detention due to medical negligence as a result of a uterine tumor and other illnesses that have resulted in a serious deterioration of her health.

Egyptians are living the tenth anniversary of the songs of the revolution: "Live - Freedom - Social Justice", those songs and crowds that represented a lifeline out of the state of political tyranny and overthrow former president Mohamed Hosni Mubarak, allowed the Egyptian people to move towards democracy by electing President Mohamed Morsi as the first democratically elected civilian president outside the military establishment. But the change did not last long and the country has entered a dark tunnel since the military coup led by current President Abdel Fattah Al Sissi.


Alkarama expresses its concern about the escalation of violations against journalists in the Arab world during the year 2020. According to data published by international organizations concerned with the defense of journalists, including statistics published by the Brussels-based International Federation of Journalists, some 60 journalists and media field workers have been murdered in 2020. The New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists reports that there are at least 274 journalists behind bars, the highest number recorded by the Committee since the early 1990s.

Egypt
Our concerns
  • Crackdown on peaceful dissent and political opposition through the use of repressive laws including counter-terrorism legislation;
  • Arbitrary detention following mass and military trials of individuals including political opponents and peaceful protesters, journalists, human rights defenders
  • Systematic practice of torture as well as inhuman conditions of detention and denial of medical care in prisons;
  • Extrajudicial executions of victims of enforced disappearance masked during counter-terrorist operations.

 

Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR Ratified ?
ICCPR Ratification Date
Individual Complaint procedure with the Human Rights committee (ICCPR Optional protocol 1) Ratified ?
Second Optional Protocol of ICCPR (abolition of death penalty) ratified ?
Next Human Rights Committee State Report due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT Ratified ?
UNCAT Ratification Date
OPCAT (National Preventive Mechanism) Ratified ?
National Preventive Mechanism (OPCAT) created ?
UNCAT Art 20 (confidential inquiries) ratified ?
UNCAT Art 22 (Individual Complaint procedure) Ratified ?
Date of last Concluding Observations by Committee against Torture (CAT)
Next CAT State Report Due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED Ratified ?
Human Rights Council
Date last Universal Period Review (UPR)
UPR Next Review
Membership of Human Rights Council:

2010

National Human Rights Institution
Accreditation with the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI)
A