Egypt

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Independent UN experts (*) said that "credible evidence” show that inadequate prison conditions in which former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi may have led “directly” to the death of former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi., warning that gross human rights violations in the country are a reality for thousands of detainees across the State, “many of whom may be at risk of death.

On March 28, 2019, Alkarama has submitted its shadow report ahead of Egypt’s upcoming third Universal Periodic Review (UPR) before the UN Human Rights Council that is scheduled in November 2019. The UPR, which is held every four to five years, is a peer-review mechanism during which UN Member States assess each other’s human rights records and make recommendations based on the principles enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

On March 27, 2019, journalist and head of Mada Foundation, Hisham Jaafar, was released upon decision of the Cairo Central Criminal Court, after spending over three and a half years in prison.

Egypt
Our concerns
  • Crackdown on peaceful dissent and political opposition through the use of repressive laws including counter-terrorism legislation;
  • Systematic practice of torture as well as inhuman conditions of detention and denial of medical care in prisons;
  • Arbitrary detention following mass and military trials of individuals including political opponents and peaceful protesters, journalists, human rights defenders.

 

Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR Ratified ?
ICCPR Ratification Date
Individual Complaint procedure with the Human Rights committee (ICCPR Optional protocol 1) Ratified ?
Second Optional Protocol of ICCPR (abolition of death penalty) ratified ?
Next Human Rights Committee State Report due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT Ratified ?
UNCAT Ratification Date
OPCAT (National Preventive Mechanism) Ratified ?
National Preventive Mechanism (OPCAT) created ?
UNCAT Art 20 (confidential inquiries) ratified ?
UNCAT Art 22 (Individual Complaint procedure) Ratified ?
Date of last Concluding Observations by Committee against Torture (CAT)
Next CAT State Report Due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED Ratified ?
Human Rights Council
Date last Universal Period Review (UPR)
UPR Next Review
Membership of Human Rights Council:

2010

National Human Rights Institution
Accreditation with the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI)
A