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A UN expert has deplored the continuing large-scale arrests and prolonged pre-trial detentions of human rights defenders in Egypt, claiming that activists are being held without arrest warrants, held incommunicado and then charged with multiple spurious crimes.
of multiple spurious crimes.

Alkarama expresses its shock and deep concern regarding the Egyptian Court of Cassation's decision on the death sentences handed down onto 12 individuals. These individuals are leaders of the "Muslim Brotherhood" group in Egypt, arrested in the Rabaa sit-in case in 2013, after prolonged arbitrary proceedings and trials lacking essential guarantees of justice.

Alia Awad, an Egyptian photographer and journalist, who has been detained in prison for nearly five years, and has been banned from visits for nearly a year, faces imminent risks during her detention due to medical negligence as a result of a uterine tumor and other illnesses that have resulted in a serious deterioration of her health.

Our concerns
  • Crackdown on peaceful dissent and political opposition through the use of repressive laws including counter-terrorism legislation;
  • Arbitrary detention following mass and military trials of individuals including political opponents and peaceful protesters, journalists, human rights defenders
  • Systematic practice of torture as well as inhuman conditions of detention and denial of medical care in prisons;
  • Extrajudicial executions of victims of enforced disappearance masked during counter-terrorist operations.


Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR Ratified ?
ICCPR Ratification Date
Individual Complaint procedure with the Human Rights committee (ICCPR Optional protocol 1) Ratified ?
Second Optional Protocol of ICCPR (abolition of death penalty) ratified ?
Next Human Rights Committee State Report due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT Ratified ?
UNCAT Ratification Date
OPCAT (National Preventive Mechanism) Ratified ?
National Preventive Mechanism (OPCAT) created ?
UNCAT Art 20 (confidential inquiries) ratified ?
UNCAT Art 22 (Individual Complaint procedure) Ratified ?
Date of last Concluding Observations by Committee against Torture (CAT)
Next CAT State Report Due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED Ratified ?
Human Rights Council
Date last Universal Period Review (UPR)
UPR Next Review
Membership of Human Rights Council:


National Human Rights Institution
Accreditation with the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI)