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On 11 August 2021, Alkarama seized the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention regarding the situation of Mr Sulaiman Muhammad Salim SULAIMAN and Mr Abdelhakim Imabarak Mohammed ALI, both arrested in 2016 by the "Special Deterrence Forces" in Libya.

The United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention (WGAD) regretted that the Government of Libya's National Accord did not comply with the team's recommendations regarding the release of Mr Mustafa Talib Younis Abdel Khaleq Al-Darsi, who has been arbitrarily detained since 6 January 2016, calling for his immediate release and compensation.

Libya has seen recent killings of field commanders in General Khalifa Haftar's forces. These include commanders wanted for international crimes because of their involvement in war crimes, including executions against civilians. These assassinations could be part of a ploy to liquidate witnesses against major criminals wanted for justice together with their regional and international supporters.

Our concerns
  • Persistent violations of international humanitarian law, including air strikes by Haftar's ANL against civilian targets;
  • Systematic violations of human rights by all parties to the conflict, in particular arbitrary arrests, torture, and secret detentions;
  • Absence of independent complaints or monitoring mechanisms and failure to prosecute those responsible for abuses, fostering a climate of complete impunity.


Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR Ratified ?
ICCPR Ratification Date
Individual Complaint procedure with the Human Rights committee (ICCPR Optional protocol 1) Ratified ?
Date of Ratification of ICCPR Optional protocol 1
Second Optional Protocol of ICCPR (abolition of death penalty) ratified ?
Date last Concluding Observations by Human Rights Committee
Next Human Rights Committee State Report due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT Ratified ?
UNCAT Ratification Date
OPCAT (National Preventive Mechanism) Ratified ?
National Preventive Mechanism (OPCAT) created ?
UNCAT Art 20 (confidential inquiries) ratified ?
UNCAT Art 22 (Individual Complaint procedure) Ratified ?
Date of last Concluding Observations by Committee against Torture (CAT)
Next CAT State Report Due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED Ratified ?
Human Rights Council
Date last Universal Period Review (UPR)
UPR Next Review
Membership of Human Rights Council:


National Human Rights Institution

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