Iraq

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In November 2017, Alkarama and Al Wissam Humanitarian Assembly submitted 11 cases of missing people in Iraq to the United Nations Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED). These 11 individuals were abducted by either the Iraqi army or the intelligence services in government-controlled areas, the majority over the course of 2014.

Between November 14 and 23, 2017, Agnes Callamard, United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions conducted an official country visit to Iraq, including the Kurdish autonomous region.

During her visit, Callamard examined responses to the multiple violations of the right to life that have been perpetrated in Iraq since 2014, as well as the steps taken to hold the Islamic State (IS) and the Iraqi security forces accountable for these violations.

On October 22, 2017, Samir Al Daami, an Iraqi-Norwegian political commentator, was arrested after publishing a post on Facebook the day before criticising Iraq’s prime minister. Al Daami is currently detained incommunicado at Al Muthanna Air Base, where he is being denied contact with his family and lawyer.

Iraq
Alkarama Person of contact for country
Ines Osman, Email : ines - at - alkarama -dot- org , Twitter : @Ines_Osman
Our concerns
  • Widespread practice of enforced disappearances by law enforcement officials and government militias;
  • Systematic use of torture with impunity and use of confessions extracted under torture in unfair trials;
  • Imposition of death sentences and executions following unfair trials in a context of a total lack of judicial independence;
  • Use of the Anti-Terrorism Law to justify repression of all forms, including against any dissenting voices.
Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR Ratified ?
ICCPR Ratification Date
Individual Complaint procedure with the Human Rights committee (ICCPR Optional protocol 1) Ratified ?
Second Optional Protocol of ICCPR (abolition of death penalty) ratified ?
Date last Concluding Observations by Human Rights Committee
Next Human Rights Committee State Report due
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT Ratified ?
UNCAT Ratification Date
OPCAT (National Preventive Mechanism) Ratified ?
National Preventive Mechanism (OPCAT) created ?
UNCAT Art 20 (confidential inquiries) ratified ?
UNCAT Art 22 (Individual Complaint procedure) Ratified ?
Date of last Concluding Observations by Committee against Torture (CAT)
Next CAT State Report Due
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED Ratified ?
ICPPED Ratification Date
ICPPED Art 31 (Individual communications) ratified ?
ICPPED Art 33 (Inquiry procedure ) ratified ?
Date last Concluding Observations by Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED)
2015-09-18
Next CED State Report Due
Human Rights Council
Date last Universal Period Review (UPR)
UPR Next Review
National Human Rights Institution
Accreditation with the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI)
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