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In September 2015, after the first review of Iraq, the United Nations Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED) issued three priority recommendations that the country should implement within one year to ensure compliance with the UN Convention on Enforced Disappearances (

The UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention (WGAD) has issued a decision calling the detention of Ahmad Al Alwani, opposition member of the Iraqi Council of Representatives, arbitrary since he “was targeted and discriminated against for his Sunni background and political opinions and activities”.  Al Alwani had been arrested in December 2013 and secretly detained for a month during which he was tortured in order to force him to sign a self-incriminating statement.

Between late 2011 and March 2012, Iraqi security forces arrested numerous individuals believed to be close to former Vice President Tariq Al Hashimi, a leading figure of the opposition. Following severely flawed trials during which confessions extracted under torture were admitted into evidence, they were sentenced to death by the Central Criminal Court under the Anti-Terrorism Law.

Alkarama Person of contact for country
Ines Osman, Email : ines - at - alkarama -dot- org , Twitter : @Ines_Osman
Our concerns
  • Widespread practice of enforced disappearances by law enforcement officials and government militias;
  • Systematic use of torture with impunity and use of confessions extracted under torture in unfair trials;
  • Imposition of death sentences and executions following unfair trials in a context of a total lack of judicial independence;
  • Use of the Anti-Terrorism Law to justify repression of all forms, including against any dissenting voices.
Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR Ratified ?
ICCPR Ratification Date
Individual Complaint procedure with the Human Rights committee (ICCPR Optional protocol 1) Ratified ?
Second Optional Protocol of ICCPR (abolition of death penalty) ratified ?
Date last Concluding Observations by Human Rights Committee
Next Human Rights Committee State Report due
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT Ratified ?
UNCAT Ratification Date
OPCAT (National Preventive Mechanism) Ratified ?
National Preventive Mechanism (OPCAT) created ?
UNCAT Art 20 (confidential inquiries) ratified ?
UNCAT Art 22 (Individual Complaint procedure) Ratified ?
Date of last Concluding Observations by Committee against Torture (CAT)
Next CAT State Report Due
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED Ratified ?
ICPPED Ratification Date
ICPPED Art 31 (Individual communications) ratified ?
ICPPED Art 33 (Inquiry procedure ) ratified ?
Date last Concluding Observations by Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED)
Next CED State Report Due
Human Rights Council
Date last Universal Period Review (UPR)
UPR Next Review
National Human Rights Institution
Accreditation with the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI)