Iraq

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On March 28, 2019, Alkarama submitted its shadow report ahead of Iraq’s upcoming Universal Periodic Review (UPR) before the UN Human Rights Council. The UPR, which is held every four to five years, is a peer-review mechanism during which UN Member States assess each other’s human rights records and make recommendations based on the principles enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

(Geneva, January 31, 2019) – In January 2019, Alkarama was officially informed of the release of 37 individuals between mid-2018 and early 2019, who were employees of former Vice-President Tariq Al Hashimi and imprisoned since 2011-2012.

Imad Al Tamimi (L) and Israa Al Dujaili (R)

 

(Geneva, September 28, 2018) – On September 18, 2018, Alkarama submitted the cases of Imad Al Tamimi and Israa Al Dujaili to the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders (SRHRD), requesting that the independent expert call upon the Iraqi authorities to immediately cease all acts of reprisals against them.

Iraq
Our concerns
  • Widespread practice of enforced disappearances by state agents and militias affiliated with the Popular Mobilisation Units;
  • Systematic use of torture and the use of forced confessions in unfair trials before the Central Criminal Court of Iraq;
  • Abusive use of the flawed Anti-Terrorism Law leading to the mandatory imposition of the death sentence.

 

Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR Ratified ?
ICCPR Ratification Date
Individual Complaint procedure with the Human Rights committee (ICCPR Optional protocol 1) Ratified ?
Second Optional Protocol of ICCPR (abolition of death penalty) ratified ?
Date last Concluding Observations by Human Rights Committee
Next Human Rights Committee State Report due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT Ratified ?
UNCAT Ratification Date
OPCAT (National Preventive Mechanism) Ratified ?
National Preventive Mechanism (OPCAT) created ?
UNCAT Art 20 (confidential inquiries) ratified ?
UNCAT Art 22 (Individual Complaint procedure) Ratified ?
Date of last Concluding Observations by Committee against Torture (CAT)
Next CAT State Report Due
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED Ratified ?
ICPPED Ratification Date
ICPPED Art 31 (Individual communications) ratified ?
ICPPED Art 33 (Inquiry procedure ) ratified ?
Date last Concluding Observations by Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED)
2015-09-18
Next CED State Report Due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Human Rights Council
Date last Universal Period Review (UPR)
UPR Next Review
Membership of Human Rights Council:

Term expires in 2019

National Human Rights Institution
Accreditation with the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI)
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