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Iraq

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In November 2016, Alkarama and Al Wissam Humanitarian Assembly wrote to the United Nations Working Group on Enforced Disappearance (WGEID) regarding the cases of Mazen Al Izzi and Ali Al Dahi who both disappeared after their arrest by the US and Iraqi forces, hoping the UN experts' intervention will help shed light on their fate and whereabouts.

Maan Al Samarrai, a 41-year-old resident of Al Karkh, Baghdad, was detained in Abu Ghraib prison when, on 23 July 2013, hundreds of convicts escaped, while the remaining prisoners were transferred to unknown locations.

On 21 September 2016, the mother of Mohamad Al Jabouri, a 36-year-old construction worker, was able to visit him in Tasferat prison, Baghdad; after more than one year of his disappearance. He told her that during his secret detention, he was heavily tortured by Iraqi security officers and forced to sign a "confession" he was not allowed to read beforehand. This document was the sole source of evidence in his trial before the Central Criminal Court that sentenced him to death on 17 March for alleged "terrorist crimes".

Iraq
Alkarama Person of contact for country
Ines Osman, Email : ines - at - alkarama -dot- org , Twitter : @Ines_Osman
Our concerns
  • Widespread practice of enforced disappearances by law enforcement officials and government militias;
  • Systematic use of torture with impunity and use of confessions extracted under torture in unfair trials;
  • Imposition of death sentences and executions following unfair trials in a context of a total lack of judicial independence;
  • Use of the Anti-Terrorism Law to justify repression of all forms, including against any dissenting voices.
Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR Ratified ?
ICCPR Ratification Date
Individual Complaint procedure with the Human Rights committee (ICCPR Optional protocol 1) Ratified ?
Second Optional Protocol of ICCPR (abolition of death penalty) ratified ?
Date last Concluding Observations by Human Rights Committee
Next Human Rights Committee State Report due
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT Ratified ?
UNCAT Ratification Date
OPCAT (National Preventive Mechanism) Ratified ?
National Preventive Mechanism (OPCAT) created ?
UNCAT Art 20 (confidential inquiries) ratified ?
UNCAT Art 22 (Individual Complaint procedure) Ratified ?
Date of last Concluding Observations by Committee against Torture (CAT)
Next CAT State Report Due
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED Ratified ?
ICPPED Ratification Date
ICPPED Art 31 (Individual communications) ratified ?
ICPPED Art 33 (Inquiry procedure ) ratified ?
Date last Concluding Observations by Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED)
2015-09-18
Next CED State Report Due
Human Rights Council
Date last Universal Period Review (UPR)
UPR Next Review
National Human Rights Institution
Accreditation with the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI)
B
Latest Reports