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On 9 October 2020, Alkarama sent a complaint to the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention (WGAD) on behalf of Dr Hossam Abouelezz, the former governor of Qalyubia, arbitrarily detained since September 2013. The complaint asks for an urgent action to be taken given that Dr Abouelezz is detained in solitary confinement and is denied access to his family, to a lawyer and to medical care.

A number of United Nations experts in the field of human rights(*) said that Egypt uses special judicial services involved in terrorism cases to target human rights defenders, silence dissidents and detain activists despite the Covid-19 pandemic.  

United Nations independent human rights panel warned of "serious and unnecessary" risks faced by human rights defenders arrested in Egypt for prolonged pre-trial detention . Experts said in a press release that the risks are most evident during the Covid-19 pandemic, and called on authorities to facilitate the release of chronically ill prisoners or detainees without an adequate legal basis.

Our concerns
  • Crackdown on peaceful dissent and political opposition through the use of repressive laws including counter-terrorism legislation;
  • Arbitrary detention following mass and military trials of individuals including political opponents and peaceful protesters, journalists, human rights defenders
  • Systematic practice of torture as well as inhuman conditions of detention and denial of medical care in prisons;
  • Extrajudicial executions of victims of enforced disappearance masked during counter-terrorist operations.


Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR Ratified ?
ICCPR Ratification Date
Individual Complaint procedure with the Human Rights committee (ICCPR Optional protocol 1) Ratified ?
Second Optional Protocol of ICCPR (abolition of death penalty) ratified ?
Next Human Rights Committee State Report due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT Ratified ?
UNCAT Ratification Date
OPCAT (National Preventive Mechanism) Ratified ?
National Preventive Mechanism (OPCAT) created ?
UNCAT Art 20 (confidential inquiries) ratified ?
UNCAT Art 22 (Individual Complaint procedure) Ratified ?
Date of last Concluding Observations by Committee against Torture (CAT)
Next CAT State Report Due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED Ratified ?
Human Rights Council
Date last Universal Period Review (UPR)
UPR Next Review
Membership of Human Rights Council:


National Human Rights Institution
Accreditation with the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI)