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On 14 August 2023, Alkarama urgently addressed the UN Working Group on Enforced Disappearances regarding the disappearance of the two brothers Aboubakr and Embarek AL KHAZMI after their arrest by the combined forces of Misrata on 7 September 2021 at their family home located in Beni Walid (180 km southwest of Tripoli). 

Disappeared after arrest 

On 20 July 2023, Alkarama sent an urgent appeal to the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances regarding the case of Faraj Abdullah Al Daguel, who has disappeared since his arrest by a group of soldiers on 1 November 2022 in Sabha (south-west, Libya). 

Disappearance following arrest 

Mustafa Taleb Younes Abdelkhalek Al Darsi, 55, was released late in the afternoon on 30 April 2023 after eight years of arbitrary detention in a worrying state of health, Alkarama learned from family sources. 

Arrest by RADAA militias 

Our concerns
  • Persistent violations of international humanitarian law, including air strikes by Haftar's ANL against civilian targets;
  • Systematic violations of human rights by all parties to the conflict, in particular arbitrary arrests, torture, and secret detentions;
  • Absence of independent complaints or monitoring mechanisms and failure to prosecute those responsible for abuses, fostering a climate of complete impunity.


Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR Ratified ?
ICCPR Ratification Date
Individual Complaint procedure with the Human Rights committee (ICCPR Optional protocol 1) Ratified ?
Date of Ratification of ICCPR Optional protocol 1
Second Optional Protocol of ICCPR (abolition of death penalty) ratified ?
Date last Concluding Observations by Human Rights Committee
Next Human Rights Committee State Report due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT Ratified ?
UNCAT Ratification Date
OPCAT (National Preventive Mechanism) Ratified ?
National Preventive Mechanism (OPCAT) created ?
UNCAT Art 20 (confidential inquiries) ratified ?
UNCAT Art 22 (Individual Complaint procedure) Ratified ?
Date of last Concluding Observations by Committee against Torture (CAT)
Next CAT State Report Due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED Ratified ?
Human Rights Council
Date last Universal Period Review (UPR)
UPR Next Review
Membership of Human Rights Council:


National Human Rights Institution

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