Latest Articles

During its 93rd session held in Geneva from 30 March to 8 April 2022, the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention concluded that the Libyan government was responsible for the actions of militias affiliated to General Khalifa Haftar who arbitrarily arrest

In its Opinion No. 62/2021 issued on November 17, 2021, the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention (WGAD) considered the deprivation of liberty of Libyan citizens, Abdelhakim Imbarak Muhammad Ali and Sulaiman Muhammad Salim Sulaiman, as arbitrary. The victims had been arrested in the course of 2016 by the Special Deterrence Forces, government-backed militias known as "RADAA", before being detained at Mitiga detention center.

On 21 March 2022, Alkarama addressed the UN Working Group on Enforced Disappearances regarding the situation of Osama Muhammad Saleh AL GHAFIR AL OBEID, a colonel in the Libyan army taken prisoner on 07 december 2016 by General Khalifa Haftar's militias in the Sidra region (west, Tripoli).

Our concerns
  • Persistent violations of international humanitarian law, including air strikes by Haftar's ANL against civilian targets;
  • Systematic violations of human rights by all parties to the conflict, in particular arbitrary arrests, torture, and secret detentions;
  • Absence of independent complaints or monitoring mechanisms and failure to prosecute those responsible for abuses, fostering a climate of complete impunity.


Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR Ratified ?
ICCPR Ratification Date
Individual Complaint procedure with the Human Rights committee (ICCPR Optional protocol 1) Ratified ?
Date of Ratification of ICCPR Optional protocol 1
Second Optional Protocol of ICCPR (abolition of death penalty) ratified ?
Date last Concluding Observations by Human Rights Committee
Next Human Rights Committee State Report due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT Ratified ?
UNCAT Ratification Date
OPCAT (National Preventive Mechanism) Ratified ?
National Preventive Mechanism (OPCAT) created ?
UNCAT Art 20 (confidential inquiries) ratified ?
UNCAT Art 22 (Individual Complaint procedure) Ratified ?
Date of last Concluding Observations by Committee against Torture (CAT)
Next CAT State Report Due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED Ratified ?
Human Rights Council
Date last Universal Period Review (UPR)
UPR Next Review
Membership of Human Rights Council:


National Human Rights Institution

Our Videos