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On April 25, 2019, Alkarama sent an urgent appeal to the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention on behalf of Omar Al Mukhtar Ahmed Al Daguel, a 40-year-old civil engineer, who has been detained without charge for almost three years in Benghazi, in violation of international human rights law.

Ahmed Al Shami (R) with former president of Lebanon Michel Suleiman


On April 10, 2018, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) released a comprehensive report in cooperation with the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) addressing the various abuses committed by all armed groups currently operating in Libya since the signing of the Libyan Political Agreement (LPA) on December 17, 2015.

Our concerns
  • Persistent violations of international humanitarian and human rights law, including summary executions, torture, enforced disappearance and secret detention committed against civilians;
  • Lack of judicial oversight over militias across the country leading to a climate of lawlessness;
  • Absence of investigation and prosecution of perpetrators of war crimes and gross human rights violations.


Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR Ratified ?
ICCPR Ratification Date
Individual Complaint procedure with the Human Rights committee (ICCPR Optional protocol 1) Ratified ?
Date of Ratification of ICCPR Optional protocol 1
Second Optional Protocol of ICCPR (abolition of death penalty) ratified ?
Date last Concluding Observations by Human Rights Committee
Next Human Rights Committee State Report due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT Ratified ?
UNCAT Ratification Date
OPCAT (National Preventive Mechanism) Ratified ?
National Preventive Mechanism (OPCAT) created ?
UNCAT Art 20 (confidential inquiries) ratified ?
UNCAT Art 22 (Individual Complaint procedure) Ratified ?
Date of last Concluding Observations by Committee against Torture (CAT)
Next CAT State Report Due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED Ratified ?
Human Rights Council
Date last Universal Period Review (UPR)
UPR Next Review
Membership of Human Rights Council:


National Human Rights Institution