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On 14 May 2024, Alkarama submitted to the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention (WGAD) the situation of Mr Mohamed ZIAN (81), former Minister of Human Rights and former President of the Rabat Bar, founder of the Moroccan Liberal Party (PLM), who has been imprisoned for 18 months in Al Arjat prison. 

On 15 April 2024, Alkarama submitted its report to the UN Secretary General (UNSG) concerning the situation of Mr Mohamed ZIAN (81), a lawyer sentenced at the end of 2022 to three years in prison following an unfair trial for having publicly criticised the security authorities. 

The United Nations (UN) Human Rights Committee has called on the Moroccan authorities to take interim measures in favour of the lawyer, Mohamed ZIAN, who was sentenced at the end of 2022 to three years' imprisonment after an unfair trial and for publicly criticising the authorities. 

Our concerns
  • Lack of independent and effective torture prevention and complaints mechanisms as well as continuing impunity for perpetrators of abuses.
  • Lack of independence of the judiciary leading to numerous unfair trials ;
  • Violations of the rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly as well as freedom of the press.


Human Rights Instruments
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
ICCPR Ratified ?
ICCPR Ratification Date
Individual Complaint procedure with the Human Rights committee (ICCPR Optional protocol 1) Ratified ?
Second Optional Protocol of ICCPR (abolition of death penalty) ratified ?
Next Human Rights Committee State Report due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (UNCAT)
UNCAT Ratified ?
UNCAT Ratification Date
OPCAT (National Preventive Mechanism) Ratified ?
National Preventive Mechanism (OPCAT) created ?
UNCAT Art 20 (confidential inquiries) ratified ?
UNCAT Art 22 (Individual Complaint procedure) Ratified ?
Date of last Concluding Observations by Committee against Torture (CAT)
Next CAT State Report Due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED)
ICPPED Ratified ?
ICPPED Ratification Date
ICPPED Art 31 (Individual communications) ratified ?
ICPPED Art 33 (Inquiry procedure ) ratified ?
Next CED State Report Due
OVERDUE - State party did not submit report on time
Human Rights Council
Date last Universal Period Review (UPR)
UPR Next Review
Membership of Human Rights Council:

2006, 2014-2016, 2023-2025

National Human Rights Institution
Accreditation with the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI)